## Martingale, for practical purposes

In several areas of mathematics, such as computational complexity and cryptography, there is a meaningful and important distinction between "there exists ....." and "it is practical to find ........". This distinction is not currently made within mathematical probability, but here is a setting where it would be interesting to do so.

Consider a stochastic process $$X = (X_t, 0 \le t \le 1)$$. A familiar theorem states (in contrapositive form, and ignoring technical conditions)

$$X$$ is not a martingale if and only if there exists a stopping time $$T$$ such that $$\mathbb{E}X_T \neq \mathbb{E}X_0$$.
I would like to define a class of processes, say "martingale for practical purposes" (MPP) by
$$X$$ is not a MPP if and only if it is practical to find a stopping time $$T$$ such that $$\mathbb{E}X_T \neq \mathbb{E}X_0$$.

Problem. Make sense of this definition.

This arises from the efficient market hypothesis, which is usually taken to imply short-term prices should follow a martingale, but really implies they should follow some MPP.

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